Juneteenth National Independence Day & Galveston!!!

Just another historic day in Galveston, Texas! This island has many first! We are a very proud little island city at the very least! We can go back in Galveston's history and find our city ahead of the times again and again. On June 19th 1865 on The Strand at 22nd street Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger issued General Order No. 3, which demanded “absolute equality” among enslaved people and slaveholders.
A plaque near the mural commemorating Juneteenth
Inscribed
Commemorated annually on June 19th, Juneteenth is the oldest known celebration of the end of slavery in the U.S. The Emancipation Proclamation, issued by President Abraham Lincoln on Sep. 22, 1862, announced, “That on the 1st day of January. A.D. 1863, all person held as slaves within any state…in rebellion against the U.S. shall be then, thenceforward and forever free.” However, it would take the Civil War and passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution to end the brutal institution of African American slavery.
After the Civil War ended in April 1865 most slaves in Texas were still unaware of their freedom. This began to change when Union troops arrived in Galveston. Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger, commanding officer, District of Texas, from his headquarters in the Osterman building (Strand and 22nd St.), read ‘General Order No. 3’ on June 19, 1865. The order stated “The people of Texas are informed that, in accordance with a proclamation from the executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of personal rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves.” With this notice, reconstruction era Texas began.
Freed African Americans observed “Emancipation Day,” as it was first known, as early as 1866 in Galveston. As community gatherings grew across Texas, celebrations included parades, prayer, singing and readings of the proclamation. In the mid-20th century, community celebrations gave way to more private commemorations. A re-emergence of public observance helped Juneteenth become a state holiday in 1979. Initially observed in Texas, this landmark event’s legacy is evident today by worldwide commemorations that celebrate freedom and the triumph of the human spirit.
This was the begging of the liberation and emancipation of all enslaved people across Texas. We now celebrate this holiday as Juneteenth National Independence Day and historically know it as Jubilee Day, Emancipation Day, Freedom Day, and Black Independence Day. It was on June 17, 2021 it became recognized as a federal holiday. That is when President Joe Biden signed the Juneteenth National Independence Day Act into law.
 
Come down to the island and see the new mural for "Absolute Equality" at 22nd st and The Strand. We are very proud to be part of the history of Emancipation Day!
Houston-based public artist Reginald C. Adams stands in front of his Juneteenth mural “Absolute Equality” in Galveston, Texas.
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